General Facts about Acid Reflux

General Facts about Acid Reflux

General Facts about Acid reflux disease

Acid reflux is a very disturbing condition and perhaps it can even become severe. Not treated, the condition usually becomes chronic, its symptoms reoccurring after certain amounts of time.

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease, also called acid reflux, is a physiological condition that triggers the regurgitation from the stomach content in to the esophagus and throat. Acid reflux disease is very common and may occur due to inappropriate diet, stress and unhealthy lifestyle. Many people are frequently confronted with acid reflux and in time they are able to develop serious complications. Physiological abnormalities seem to be the main cause for acid reflux (weakness of the lower esophageal sphincter, uncontrolled contractions from the sphincter, low pressure at the end of the esophagus due to abnormal positioning from the sphincter, etc). People who are afflicted by acid reflux as a consequence of physiological abnormalities are only able to overcome their condition with the means of ongoing treatment or surgery.

The easiest way of controlling the condition is thru the means of balanced nutrition. Appropriate diet includes a great importance in preventing and controlling acid reflux disease. Due to the fact that excessive manufacture of stomach digestive fluids also plays a role in the condition, an appropriate diet can ameliorate the the signs of acid reflux. A good diet should exclude: foods rich in fat, milk, caffeine-based products, spicy foods, foods that are fried, alcoholic beverages and smoking.

Other way of controlling the symptoms of acid reflux disease are medications and surgery. Medical treatments include all kinds of drugs (antacids, histamine antagonists, proton pump inhibitors, etc) that can be effective in preventing the gastric acids from reaching inside the esophagus. Surgery provides permanent results which is performed at the level of the esophagus. If abnormal activity of the lower esophageal sphincter is the cause of acid reflux, surgery can improve its functioning either by tightening the inner walls of the esophagus in order to increase pressure, or by reshaping the sphincter to higher seal the lower end from the esophagus.

Acid reflux can happen in anyone the ones can develop this condition at any age. Infants and small children are mostly affected by acid reflux, but the condition also occurs in teenagers, adults and seniors. It is important to act quickly when struggling with acid reflux, as it can lead to complications. Left untreated, acid reflux disease can cause inflammation and deterioration from the esophagus, throat lesions, gastro-intestinal problems, difficulty in breathing and sleep apnea. Acid reflux disease can aggravate over time or it can become chronic. In the chronic forms of acid reflux disease, the symptoms have a recidivating character and the condition needs ongoing treatment or surgical intervention in order to be overcome.

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